Sunday, October 28, 2012

Unblock / Hack Cyberoam to Access the Blocked Sites

How to Unblock or Hack Cyberoam to Access the Blocked Sites


If you need to use the Facebook even its blocked by cyberoam you can use this

Saturday, October 27, 2012

What is engineering economics?

1.      What is engineering economics?
§         Engineering Economics is the study of economic problems of the people concerning production, consumption, exchange & distribution of wealth.
§         It deals with the concepts and techniques of analysis useful in evaluating the worth of system, products and services in relation to their costs.

Determinants of Types Of Demand



Determinants of individual demand
The determinants of individual demand of a particular good, service or commodity refer to all the factors that determine the quantity demanded of an individual or household for the particular commodity. The main determinants of demand are:
1.                 The (unit) price of the commodity.
2.                 The tastes and preferences of the individual or household.
3.                 The prices and nature of substitute goods, i.e., goods whose consumption can replace the consumption of the given good. The cheaper and better the substitute goods, the less the demand, ceteris paribus. This is termed the substitution effect.
4.                 The prices and nature of complementary goods, i.e., goods for which increased consumption makes the consumption of the given good more worthwhile. A drop in the price of complementary goods leads to an increase in demand, ceteris paribus.
5.                 The disposable income that the household has. More specifically, the fraction of household income that it is generally willing to spend on that or related commodities. An increase in income leads to an increase (or at any rate, no decrease) in demand for most goods. This is termed the income effect. Goods for which the income effect is reversed are typically inferior goods. For these good, demand may drop with a rise in income.
6.                 Expectations of future prices. This is particularly important for durable goods for which there is no urgency to purchase. In general, if future prices are expected to be lower, demand is less for a given price, because a person decides to delay the purchase. If future prices are expected to be higher, demand may be higher for a given price, because a person prefers to buy now before the good becomes too expensive.
7.                 The surrounding circumstances, such as climate, weather, crime levels, that have an effect on the desirability of possessing the good. This is sometimes folded under tastes and preferences -- however, surrounding circumstances could change without any change in tastes and preferences.
The demand curve (specifically, the individual demand curve) is a plot with quantity demanded on the horizontal axis and price on the vertical axis, keeping all other parameters constant (i.e.,ceteris paribus).
Determinants of market demand
The market demand curve for a commodity is obtained by adding up the individual demand curves for all economic actors in the market. Thus, each of the determinants of individual demand is also a determinant of market demand. However, aggregating a particular determinant of individual demand across the market (through some method such as taking an average) does not necessarily capture all the information about that determinant since the distribution across the market also matters. Broadly, there are three kinds of factors that affect market demand:
1.                 The size of the market. ceteris paribus, a larger market means more demand, and a more outward market demand curve.
2.                 The various determinants of individual demand, averaged across all economic actors in the market.
3.                 The distribution of each of the determinants of individual demand across all economic actors in the market.
Determinants of change in demand
Effect of unit price
Unit price has a direct effect on the quantity demanded but not on the demand curve (which is a plot of quantity demanded against individual price). The relationship is studied by studying thedemand curve. The most important feature of this relationship is the law of demand, which asserts that an increase in unit price leads to a decrease in quantity demanded.
Other determinants
The cause of a change in quantity demanded, either at the individual or market level, is usually a change in one of the determinants of demand. Given below is a comprehensive table of examples:
Determinant of demand
Individual or market?
Nature of change
Effect on quantity demanded ceteris paribusand hence on demand curve
Measure of sensitivity
Tastes and preferences
individual
increase in preference
positive, hence expansion of demand curve

Tastes and preferences
individual
decrease in preference
negative, hence contraction of demand curve

Price of substitute good
individual
increase in price
positive, hence expansion of demand curve
see cross-price elasticity of demand, also substitution effect
Price of substitute good
individual
decrease in price
negative, hence contraction of demand curve
see cross-price elasticity of demand, also substitution effect
Nature of substitute good
individual
better substitution
ambiguous. Demand could shift between the two substitutes depending on the relative prices.

Nature of substitute good
individual
worse substitution
ambiguous. Demand could shift between the two substitutes depending on the relative prices.

Price of complementary good
individual
increase in price
negative, hence contraction of demand curve
see cross-price elasticity of demand
Price of complementary good
individual
decrease in price
positive, hence expansion of demand curve
see cross-price elasticity of demand
Nature of complementary good
individual
increase in complementarity
positive (generally), hence expansion of demand curve

Disposable income
individual
increase in income
positive (usually), hence expansion of demand curve
see Engel curve and income-elasticity of demand. Goods for which this is true are termed normal goods. Exceptions are termed inferior goods.
Disposable income
individual
decrease in income
negative (usually), hence contraction of demand curve
see Engel curve and income-elasticity of demand. Goods for which this is true are termed normal goods. Exceptions are termed inferior goods.
Expectations of future prices
individual
increase in future price expectation
positive, hence expansion of demand curve

Expectation of future prices
individual
decrease in future price expectation
negative, hence contraction of demand curve

Environmental need for good
individual
increase in environmental need
positive, hence expansion of demand curve

Environmental need for good
individual
decrease in environmental need
negative, hence contraction of demand curve

Market size
market
increase in market size
positive, hence expansion of demand curve



Types of Demand:

Marketing management has the task of influenc­ing the level, timings and composition of demand in a way that will help the organization to achieve its objectives.  Also, A marketer has to take into consideration different types of demand for his product before he comes up with a strategy.
1 ] Negative Demand
The market is in a state of negative demand if; a major part of the market dislikes the product and may even pay a price to avoid it.
Eg: People have a negative demand for
·                     Vaccination
·                     Dental work
·                     Vasectomies
·                     Gall bladder operation Employers feel a negative demand for
·                     Ex-convicts
·                     Alcoholics
The marketing task is to analyse, why the market dislikes the products?
2] No Demands
Target consumers may be uninterested in the product. Ex – People have no demand for
·                     Farmers may not be interested in new farming methods
·                     College students may not be interested in a foreign language course.
The marketing task is to find ways to connect the benefits of the products to the person's natural needs and interests.
3] Latent Demand:
Many consumers may share a strong need that cannot be satisfied by any existing products.
·                     Latent demand for harmless cigarettes.
·                     Safer neighborhood.
·                     More fuel efficient cars.
The marketing task is to measure the size of the potential market and develop effective goods and services that would satisfy the demand.
4] Declining Demand
A substantial drop in the demand for products.
·                     Boy scout enrolment among Singapore students.
The marketing task is to:
1.  Analyse the cause of market decline.
2. Determine whether the demand can be re-stimulated by changing target markets, changing product features and developing more effective goods.
3. To reverse the declining demand through creative remarketing of the product.
5] Irregular Demand
Organizations face demand that varies on a seasonal, daily or even hourly basis, causing problems of idle capacity or overcrowded capacity.
·                     Markets :- visited on weekends, not on weekdays.
·                     Hospitals   :- OT's booked for early weak
The marketing task is called Synchro Marketing (alter pricing, promotion & other incentives)
6] Full Demand
Organizations face full demand when they are pleased with there volume of business.
The marketing task is to:
1.  Maintain the current level of demand in the face of changing consumer preferences and increasing competition.
2. Quality should be improved.
3. Continuously measure consumer satisfaction.
Eg: Maruti at the time of bookings made open.
7] Overfull Demands
Some organizations face a demand level that is higher then they can or want to handle. Marketing task is De-marketing which requires finding ways to reduce the demand temporarily or permanently.
Steps involved in de-marketing:
1.  Raising prices.
2. Reducing promotion and service.
3. Selective de-marketing(less profitable markets)
Eg: Quota system for new car registration by a fixed percentage annually.
8] Unwholesome Demand
Unwholesome products will attract organized effort to discourage their consumption. Un-selling campaigns have been conducted against cigarettes, alcohols, hard drugs, handguns and pirated movies.

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1)  Figuring Made Easy
2)  Mathability - Awaken the Math Genius in Your Child
3)  More Puzzles to Puzzle You
4)  Puzzles to Puzzle You
5)  The Book of Numbers





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IAS exam Students Attention Please

For the students preparing for IAS examnination here are some important materials for you to go through hope these would be help full to you

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Wednesday, October 24, 2012

question set for cg lab


question set for cg lab



1. Write a C program to implement Bresenham’s line drawing algorithm.
2. Write an OpenGL program to generate Mandelbrot set.
                                                                                                     

1. Write a C program to implement Bresenham’s line drawing algorithm.
2. Write an OpenGL program to generate Filled-in Julia set.


1. Write a C program to implement Bresenham’s circle drawing algorithm.
2. Write an OpenGL program to draw Three Dimensional objects.


1. Write a C program to implement the Line, Circle and Ellipse attributes by drawing “House”.
2. Write a C program to do Two Dimensional Transformations - Translation, Reflection, and
Shear.

1. Write a C program to do Two Dimensional Transformations –
Rotation (With and without pivot point), Scaling (With and without pivot point).

2. Write an OpenGL program to implement Color Models [RGB to CMY].


1. Write a C program to do Composite 2D Transformations – Translation, Scaling, Rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to draw at least Four Basic graphics primitives.


1. Write a C program to do Composite 2D Transformations – Fixed point scaling & Fixed point
rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to generate Filled-in Julia set.


1. Write a C program to implement Cohen Sutherland 2D line clipping algorithm.

2. Write an OpenGL program to create checker board effect.


1. Write a C program to implement Sutherland – Hodgeman Polygon clipping Algorithm.

2. Write a C program to do the Projection of the 3D image.


1. Write a C program to do Three Dimensional Transformations - Translation, Rotation, Scaling.

2. Write an OpenGL program to do Window to Viewport mapping.

1. Write a C program to do Composite 3D transformations - Translation, Rotation and Scaling.

2. Write a C program to do the Projection of the 3D image.


1. Write a C program to do Two Dimensional Transformations - Translation, Scaling and Rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to do Window to Viewport mapping.


1. Write a C program to do Composite 2D Transformations – Fixed point scaling & Fixed point
rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to generate Mandelbrot set.



1. Write a C program to do Composite 2D Transformations – Translation, Scaling, Rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to create checker board effect.


1. Write a C program to do Three Dimensional Transformations - Translation, Rotation,
Scaling.

2. Write an OpenGL program to implement Color Models [RGB to CMY].


1. Write a C program to implement the Line, Circle and Ellipse attributes by drawing “Car”.
2. Write a C program to do Composite 3D transformations - Translation, Rotation and Scaling.

1. Write a C program to do Composite 2D Transformations – Fixed point scaling & Fixed point
rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to generate Mandelbrot set.



1. Write a C program to do Composite 2D Transformations – Translation, Scaling, Rotation.

2. Write an OpenGL program to create checker board effect.


1. Write a C program to do Three Dimensional Transformations - Translation, Rotation,
Scaling.

2. Write an OpenGL program to implement Color Models [RGB to CMY].


1. Write a C program to implement the Line, Circle and Ellipse attributes by drawing “Car”.
2. Write a C program to do Composite 3D transformations - Translation, Rotation and Scaling.

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Computer Graphics Lab Complete Manual Download

Computer Graphics Lab CS76  Complete Manual Download 


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Computer Graphics Lab List Of experiments 

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING


Subject Code   : CS76                                                 
Subject Name : Computer Graphics lab                                          
List of Programs

1.      Write a C program to implement Bresenhams line drawing algorithm.
2.      Write a C program to implement Bresenhams circle drawing algorithm.
3.      Write a C program to implement Bresenhams ellipse drawing algorithm.
4.      Write a C program to implement the Line, Circle and ellipse attributes by drawing "House".
5.      Write a C program to do two Dimensional transformations - Translation, Reflection, and Shear.
6.      Write a C program to do two Dimensional transformations - Rotation (With and without pivot point), Scaling (With and without pivot point).
7.      Write a C program to do composite 2D Transformations – Translation, Scaling, Rotation.
8.      Write a C program to do composite 2D Transformations –fixed point scaling, fixed point rotation.
9.      Write a C program to implement Cohen Sutherland 2D line clipping algorithm.
10.  Write a C program to implement Sutherland – Hodgeman Polygon clipping Algorithm.
11.  Write a C program to do three dimensional transformations - Translation, Rotation, Scaling.
12.  Write a C program to do composite 3D transformations - Translation, Rotation, Scaling.
13.  Write a C program to do the projection of the 3D image.
14.  Write an OpenGL program to draw a chain of diamonds.
15.  Write an OpenGL program to draw village of houses.
16.  Write an OpenGL program to 'n' random sierpinski gaskets.
17.  Write an OpenGL program to create checker board effect.
18.  Write an OpenGL program to draw flurry of diamonds in random color at random positions.
19.  Write an OpenGL program to draw random constellation of points within a window boundary.
20.  Write an OpenGL program to draw at least four basic graphics primitives.
21.  Write an OpenGL program to draw three dimensional objects.
22.  Write an OpenGL program to draw three dimensional scenes.
23.  Write an OpenGL program to do window to view port mapping.
24.  Write an OpenGL program to implement color models.
25.  Write an OpenGL program to generate Mandelbrot set.
26.  Write an OpenGL program to generate Filled-in Julia set.

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download link :  https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B-Rb64QiDg8wcEctWlZ2N2tUYnc

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Tamil Short Film Laptaap

Tamil Short Film Laptaap
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